1. There are three important characteristics of a good will, for Kant. Which of the following are they?
It is ruled by compassion.
It is good in itself.
Its serenity is unbreakable.
It is supremely happy.
It is good unconditionally, regardless of circumstances.
It is incomparably more valuable than anything else.
2. Which of the following did Jeremy Bentham call “nonsense on stilts”? (Check all the apply.)
The Principle of Utility
The identification of good with pleasure and evil with pain
Inalienable natural rights
The Ascetic Principle
3. Nietzsche’s moral philosophy raises an implicit challenge to Aristotle’s view that happiness is the summum bonum. What challenge?
Nietzsche’s moral philosophy raises an implicit challenge to Aristotle’s view that happiness is the summum bonum. What challenge?
Happiness can never be more than desire satisfaction (getting things you want), and this is not a moral goal.
Happiness consists in ease, comfort, and safety, which cannot be values for “higher men.”
Aristotle’s happiness is personal happiness, which is ultimately a selfish goal.
Happiness is incompatible with will to power, which values only destruction and regrowth.
Happiness seems insufficiently inspiring to function as a true ideal.2 attachmentsSlide 1 of 2